The 5th International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2019)
July 21st-24th, 2019, Macau
Plenary Speakers
Prof. Dr. Jianbing Yan
Professor of Plant Genetics in the College of Plant Science and Technology/National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China

Home page: www.maizego.org
Honors:
Ø "Ten Thousand People Plan" Scientific and Technological Innovation Leaders, 2017 (“万人计划”科技创新领军人才)
Ø Yangtze River Scholars Distinguished Professor, 2016 (教育部“长江学者”)
Ø China National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists, 2015 (国家自然科学基金委“杰青”)
Ø Dupont Young Professor Award 2011
Ø Japan International Award for Yong Agricultural Researchers 2010

Biography: Dr. Yan received his B.S. in 1999 and Ph. D in 2003 from Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU). 2003-2006, he worked in China Agricultural University as lecture, associate professor. From 2006-2008, he did his post doctorate research in International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and Cornell University. From 2009 to 2011, he worked in CIMMYT as an associate scientist and scientist. 2011-now, he works in HZAU as a professor. His research interests focus on: Maize Genomics and the Genetic Improvement of Quality Traits based on big data and Single Cell Sequencing Technology Development and Application in Plants. Till data, he published more than 100 papers in international journals including of Nature Genetics, Nature Communications, PNAS, PLoS Genet, Plant Cell, New Phytologsit, Molecular Plant and so on.

Speech Title: The development and application of single cell sequencing technology in maize
Abstract: Single cell sequencing technology emerged recently, enabling high-throughput analyses of the cell lineage trees of higher organisms. In plants, single-cell sequencing is still challenging because the cell wall hinders the isolation and lysis of the nuclear contents. Recently, we have developed the methods to isolate and sequence the whole genome of each of the four microspores from a tetrad, three nuclei from one mature pollen grain and female gametophyte. This technique was used to study a number of scientific questions including the difference of meiotic recombination between sex, chromosome reprogramming during sexual reproduction, and the mechanism of haploid induction in maize.
Key Words: single cell sequencing, meiotic recombination, haploid induction, chromosome reprogramming, chromosome fragmentation


Prof. Hisayoshi Hayashi
Professor of Biosphere Resource Science and Technology Program, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Dr. Hisayoshi Hayashi graduated at University of Tsukuba in 1980. He worked as an extension officer for one year in Nagano Prefecture and moved to Chushin Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES). He belonged in the department of field crop cultivation for six years in CAES and move to University of Tsukuba. He is conducting Crop Production Systems laboratory as a professor. His research focused on the development and evaluation of sustainable crop production systems with conscious of environment load on major crops and regional special crops for example buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). He has been working as a principal of Junior and Senior High School at Komaba, University of Tsukuba since 2014, too.

Speech Title: Food diversity and a crop research
Abstract: It is said that there are 2300 crops including 54 cereals in the world, and 14 cereals are cultivating in Japan. A truly diverse food culture is developing around the world. These food cultures are based on diverse kinds of crops and various kinds of varieties which have different characteristics. It is obvious that food is essential for human to live but is also necessary for enjoying our life and for developing rural area. In the 20th century, the world population exploded from 1.65 billion in 1900 to 2.51 billion in1950 and finally to 6.05 billion. The great worries about the food crisis caused by rapid population growth in the 20th century have been avoided with the modern agricultural technology, Green Revolution. The number of undernourished people in the world was estimated 821 million in 2017, accounts for one ninth of total population. Hunger is the most serious problem in the 21st century. The world population is expected to reach 9.2 billion in 2050, it will be increase 3.2 billion from 2000. FAO says that it is needed for increase food production by 1.55 times compared to 2000 for feeding human in 2050. The demand for cereal production in 2050 is 2.93 billion tons, which needs to be increased by 1.65 times compared to 2000. The 2030 Agenda for sustainable development which agreed in United Nations is consist of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Increasing the capacity for agricultural productivity and sustainable food production systems are necessary to achieving Zero Hunger. Mays, rice and wheat are the three major cereals in the world. The total production of them was 643 million tons in 1961 which consists of 73 % of total cereal productions. Its ratio has been increasing and reached 90 % of total production, 2676 million tons, in 2017. Crop diversity is being lost year after year. Buckwheat is not a cereal but a pseudocereals because the seeds are using similarly as the other true cereals. Buckwheat noodle is a food culture that represents Japan. There are various ways of eating buckwheat from all over Japan, and each region has its own food culture. The demand for buckwheat is 140 thousand tons, but its self-sufficiency rate is only 25 % in Japan. Low and unstable yield are the main reasons why the production of buckwheat is insufficient to its demand. Buckwheat is a self-incompatible outcrossing crop with heterostyly, so the buckwheat breeding is hard. The current status and future direction of cultivation research and breeding of a minor crop, buckwheat will be discussed in this speech.


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