The 4th International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2018)
Invited Speakers
Prof. Dr. Maria Luisa da Silva, Laboratory of Ornithology and Bioacoustics, Federal University of Pará State, Brazil

Maria Luisa was born in São Paulo, Brazil and has Bachelor in Biology and PhD in Neuroscience and Behaviour at the University of São Paulo. She did a post-doctoral at the same University and at the University of Cambridge, UK, to study animal behaviour. Nowadays she is associate professor at the Federal University of Pará State. She created a Laboratory of Ornithology and Bioacoustics, launching researches mainly on Amazon forest birds. She teaches vertebrates classes for undergraduate students in Biology, and Bioacoustics and ethological methodology for the post graduate programs. She has experience in zoology area, especially ornithology with emphasis on animal behavior, acting on the following topics: study of animal behavior in the natural environment, sound communication of birds, bioacoustics, mathematical analysis of the sound communication and environmental awareness. The results of their research were published in national and international journals, such as Nature and Plos One. She was the first woman and the first Latin American elected member of the International Bioacoustics Council, entity responsible for Bioacoustics designs in the world since 1969.

Speech Title: Social structure, calls and emotions: contributions of bioacoustics studies for natural biodiversity and animal welfare

Abstract: The studies of calls repertoire are relevant to identify behaviours related to physiological status, like disposition for breeding, begging food from their parents, agonistic and alarm calls. Identify the vocalizations with behaviour context can be useful to monitoring animals in natural environment and in farms to measure animal welfare. We have examples for Brazilian birds, with the description of Orange winged parrot Amazona amazonica and the mustached wren Pheugopedius genibarbis, both Amazonian species with different number of calls that is related with their social structure complexity. Studies with emotions in goats could lead to more effective monitoring and understanding of animal welfare. Identification of bird sounds is a relevant tool for evaluate diversity of bird community and passive acoustic monitoring is a new modality used in different animal studies, like census, behaviour and neurosciences. Thus, Bioacoustics is emerging science to monitoring animals in wild or captivity in a precisely and non-invasive way.

Dr. Genhua Yue, Director and Senior Principal Investigator, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, 1 Research Link, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Gen Hua Yue is a Director (of Strategic Research Programs) and Senior Principal Investigator at the Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, Singapore. He is an adjunct professor at several universities in China (SYSU and SHOU) and Singapore (NUS and NTU). He got his PhD at the University Hohenheim, Germany in 1999. The research focus of his group is to use genomic approaches to improve the productivity and sustainability of economically important fish (e.g. Asian seabass and marine tilapia) and plants (e.g. oil palm). He has published over 140 scientific papers in peer-reviewed international journals. He has been on the editorial boards of several international journals (e.g. Scientific Reports, BMC Genomics, Aquaculture, Aquaculture and Fisheries, Gene, Frontiers in Livestock Genomics, Plos One) and has evaluated over 200 scientific papers for 62 international journals. He has reviewed research proposals from the EU, USA, China, France, Ireland, Kuwait, New Zealand and Singapore since 2007.

Speech Title: Status of molecular breeding in aquaculture

Abstract: Aquaculture is the quickest growing sector in agriculture. Over 600 species have been used in aquaculture. However, only 10% of the world's aquaculture production utilized genetically improved stocks. Due to the rapid advances of sequencing technologies and reducing of the cost of sequencing, many genomic resources have been generated to accelerate genetic improvements of aquaculture species. These resources include whole genome sequences, transcriptomes, SNPs and microsatellites, SNP-arrays, linkage and physical maps. They have been used to map QTL and conduct GWAS for important traits in some species to enable marker-assisted selection (MAS) and genomic selection GS). In my presentation, I will summarize the recent advances of genome sequencing, transcriptome analysis, linkage and QTL mapping, GWAS, as well as MAS and GS in aquaculture species. I will also discuss some challenges in the genetic improvement of aquaculture species and future directions.

Prof. Dr. Anas Sarwar Qureshi, Chairman, Department of Anatomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Prof Dr A nas S Qureshi has above 30 years teaching, research and administration experience at University level. He has completed his PhD in 1995 from University of Veterinary Science Hanover, Germany where he worked on the cellular immune function and hormones in the reproductive tract of mares. Later on, he was awarded a two-year Post-Doc (1998-2000) by the Humboldt Foundation Germany to work on immunomodulation through organ preparations at the Institute of Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, University of Bonn , Germany. In 2016 he has served as Endeavour Fellow at Department of Neurosurgery, The Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. Recently in 2017, he has participated in Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) at Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Science of CAAS, China. More...


Abstract: A total of 60 buffalo calves of either sex aged 3 months, were used in this study. Total contingent was divided into three groups viz., treated, placebo and untreated comprising of 10 calves (5 male and 5 female) for each type of weaning protocol. The blood was collected 2 and I day before and 1 and 14 day after weaning in all groups. Levamisol® was given orally two days before weaning after collection of first blood sample. Statistical analysis revealed that gradual weaning method did not affect any of the parameters. Contrary to the gradual method, abrupt weaning method affected seven parameters namely, PCV, Hb conc., RBC, leukocytes, lymphocytes. neutrophils and eosinophils. More...

Prof. Chief Researcher Dr. Algirdas Jasinskas, Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Safety, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Lithuania

Algirdas Jasinskas was born in Kaunas region Lithuania and has Bachelor in Agricultural Engineering at the Lithuanian Academy of Agriculture and PhD in Fodder production Technologies and Techniqe at the Latvian Academy of Agriculture. Now he is teaching and working research work at the Aleksandras Stulginskis University in Kaunas, Lithuania. Algirdas Jasinskas scientific works and projects are related to energy and fodder crops harvesting and preparation for forage and fuel technologies qualitatively, energy and environmental assessment, determination of harvested and processed plant biomass physical-mechanical properties, optimization of plant biomass preparation and usage for conversion methods and technical means. For many years he involved in the Lithuanian and international projects, led by the budget-funded scientific research work topics. He has published over 150 scientific papers in Lithuanian and international research journals.


Abstract: There were investigated three sorts of herbal energy plants: elephant grass (Miscanthus giganteus), sida (Sida hermaphrodita Rusby) and reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Plantations of investigated energy plants were grown in Lithuania in the experimental fields of Aleksandras Stulginskis University, and the technical means of plant preparation and usage for energy purposes were investigated. The physical-mechanical properties of chopped and milled unconventional energy plants were investigated. These properties are required to project and choose the storage and transportation equipment. In evaluating the quality of plant chopping and milling, the fractional compositions of reed canary grass, sida and elephant grass chaff as well as the mill were determined. Determined the largest mill fraction was found in the sieve with 0.5- and 0.63-mm diameter holes (from 37.6 to 46.4%). After prepared mill pressing and pellet production were determined main physical-mechanical properties of pellet: moisture content was sufficiently low and varied from 6.7 % to 9.6 %; reed canary grass pellets had the highest density –1035.1±63.9 kg m-3 DM, the lowest density was of elephant grass pellets – 653.6±67.1 kg m-3 DM. After pellets burning there were determined the emissions of harmful gases to the environment. The highest concentration of carbon dioxide was detected when burning sida (7.9 %), and the smallest when burning elephant grass (5.2 %). The most carbon monoxide (CO) was determined when burning elephant grass (2295 ppm), and the smallest concentration of CO was observed when burning reed canary grass (905 ppm). The nitrogen oxide emissions differed only insignificantly; the values ranged from 176 ppm (Reed canary grass) to 216 ppm (Elephant grass). After energetic evaluation of the technology, the common energy preparation expenditures of granulated biofuel and energetic grass were determined. When in the production of pellets biomass moisture was reduced to 15 %, the expenditure was 3.6 MJ kg-1.
Keywords: herbal plants; solid biofuels; chopping; milling; pellet properties; energy expenditures; emissions.

Bhumi Nath Tripathi, Professor & Head, Department of Biotechnology; Dean, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, 484887, Madhya Pradesh, India

Bhumi Nath Tripathi, PhD from Banaras Hindu University, India, works as Professor and Head, Department of Biotechnology and as Dean, Faculty of Earth Sciences at Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (A Central University), Amarkantak, India. The research works of Professor Tripathi is focused on Redox Homeostasis in Plants during Stress Conditions and also Molecular Biology of Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants. He has also worked at Bielefeld University, Germany, Okayama University, Japan, University of Leeds, UK and Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, South Korea. Professor Tripathi has published more than 50 good quality research papers in journals of International repute and also written four books on Stress Metabolism, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology and Algal Biotechnology. He is recipient several awards and academic fellowships and several research grants.

Speech Title: Interaction of magnesium with heavy metal toxicity in wheat

Abstract: The present work demonstrates the influence of magnesium (Mg) on copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) toxicity on Triticum aestivum (Wheat). We measured a range of parameters related to oxidative stress in wheat exposed to Cu or Cd toxicity in media with different concentrations of Mg. Decreasing Mg concentration significantly exacerbated Cu and Cd toxicity and optimum supply of Mg improved the growth and decreased the toxicity induced oxidative stress (a substantial decline in the amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in root and shoot tissues). Activity of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbae peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT) was restored upon optimum Mg concentration in the presence of Cu and Cd toxicity. An increase in proline concentration in roots and shoots that was triggered by Cu and Cd exposure was partly reversed. This was due to decline in pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) and pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (P5CR) activity and enhanced proline dehydrogenase (PDH) activity. In conclusion, decreasing supply of Mg effectively exacerbated the toxicities of Cu and Cd in wheat.

To be updated soon...
The 4th International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2018)
Conference Secretary: Lydia Shi
Email:   Tel: +86 17362961533